Che Part 1 presents the tactics of the guerrilla fighters of the Cuban Revolution appropriately. This movie depicts the beginning of the revolution in its smaller stages of fighting to the later urban conflicts. One main notion that Guevara emphasizes in his writings is the existence of the revolution. He writes in his Guerilla Warfare: A Method that it is not necessary for all conditions to be present for a revolution to succeed. There is something at work far beyond the capabilities of men or the number of guns. Che writes that a combination of circumstances in Latin American countries leave them prone to revolution, and he says, “The dictatorship tries to function without resorting to force so we must try to oblige it to do so, thereby unmasking its true nature as the dictatorship of the reactionary social classes.” Che: Part 1 portrays this idea when the fighters are strategizing an attack plan. Fidel decides against attacking a supply truck, because the army can, without show of force, deny its existence and the existence of guerrilla presence. Che of the film goes further with his plan at his UN speech. He essentially calls out other Latin American countries for their atrocities possibly in an effort to stir feelings around the continent.
What this film fails to show is Che’s revolutionary ideology in nations outside of Cuba, such as his actions in Bolivia and his thoughts toward other nations. Che Guevara’s Message to the Tricontinental begins by analyzing the situations of Vietnam, Africa, and other Latin American countries. Even before the Cuban conflict, as depicted in the film, Che asks Fidel if it is possible for his revolution to be taken to the rest of Latin American. The distinction between Fidel and Che’s goals and means spells the difference in their ideology. Fidel, as in the movie, recognizes the importance of the politics in a political-military conflict. Che, opposed to the Cuban native Fidel, was against affiliation with other nationalist groups, if their views differed from those of the guerrilla group. The largest disparity between Che’s and Fidel’s ideas is the breadth of their revolution.
Che, through his travels, is empowered to take the Cuban Revolution to the rest of Latin America. The movie shows this in the sectioned balcony scene. His Message to the Tricontinental summarizes his hatred of imperialism and capitalism, labeling the existing social structure of Cuba as feudalism. Consisting of indebted laborers and few landowners who each own large parcels of land, Che aims to redistribute land to all Cubans. Che’s Message fulfills his previously written Guerrilla Warfare: A Method. He, just like the gun-battles in the jungle, attempts to unmask the horrors of the ruling bourgeois, but this cannot be done without the lower class and their ingrained hatred of the upper class. In Che: Part 1, we see the final evolutionary stage of the lower class. The Cuban revolution gave each poor Cuban an opportunity to better himself, a situation he or she had never once had.
Che’s final words before his death, summarized to mean: this revolution is more than a man, and killing me will not end anything, affirm is established tactics. He required his column in the jungles of Cuba to be educated This is purposefully done in order to build a fighting force which understands what it is fighting for and does not confuse it for the person in command. This mindset, which Guevara seeks to instill in his fighters is to be the driving force of their will to fight and die for Cuba.